Rhinoplasty

What is Rhinoplasty ?

Rhinoplasty is surgery to repair or reshape the nose. This may be performed for cosmetic reasons or to correct a deformity due to injury or birth defect. Almost all of these operations are performed through the nostrils, which means there are no visible cuts (or subsequent scars) to the face.

When is Rhinoplasty necessary ?

Some of the conditions that can be corrected by rhinoplasty include:

Broken nose 
Birth defects of the nose 
Nasal obstruction 
Self-consciousness about the size or shape of the nose.
Medical issues to consider
If your operation is for cosmetic reasons, you have to know exactly what shaped nose you would like. Make sure your surgeon understands why you want the operation so they can decide the best method of reconstructing your nose to your satisfaction. If you need surgery to repair a broken nose, it is best to seek medical attention straight away. Otherwise, the swelling of the tissues can delay surgery for around five days. If this is the case, your doctor may give you a course of antibiotics to take in the meantime, to reduce the risk of infection. Rhinoplasty can be performed using general or local anaesthetic, depending on the extent of the surgery required, your health, and the preference of your surgeon.

Can you tell me more about the Operation procedure ?

The operation procedure depends on factors such as the reasons for the surgery, but can include: 
Anaesthesia - you will be given a general or local anaesthetic. 
Post trauma - to repair a broken nose, slender instruments are usually inserted into each nostril to gently push the bones back into their proper alignment. A bad break may require a small cut (incision), so that the surgeon can see to arrange the bone fragments correctly. 
Cosmetic surgery - rhinoplasty for cosmetic reasons can include 'open' or 'closed' techniques. 
'Open' technique - this involves accessing the nasal bones via incisions inside the nostrils and through the columella (the skin that separates the nostrils). 
'Closed' technique - this involves accessing the nasal bones via incisions inside the nostrils. Once the incisions are made, the skin is lifted away from the underlying bones and cartilages. 
Surgical procedures - this depends on the reshaping required; for example, the nasal bones may be chiselled, or broken and realigned, or else cartilage may be trimmed back. 
Stitches - incisions are closed with dissolving stitches.

What do I expect Immediately after the operation ?

After the operation you can expect that: 
The inside of your nose is packed with special gauze. 
your nose bridge is covered with a splint, commonly made of plaster of Paris. The splint helps to minimise swelling and keep your nose in its new profile while healing takes place. 
Sometimes, a small tape may be placed over the nose to keep the dressings in place. 
Nurses record your vital signs, including temperature, pulse, breathing pattern and blood pressure. 
Nurses inspect your dressings for signs of bleeding and replace the outside dressing if necessary. 
you have to breathe through your mouth until the packing gauze is removed. 
you will probably notice a lot of swelling and bruising, mainly around your eyes. The swelling should go down in a few days, and the bruising may go away in the first week or two. 
you may have to wait four or five hours before you are able to eat and drink. However, once these few hours are over, you should be able to eat anything you like. 
you can get up out of bed and move around a few hours after the operation. 
If you need pain relief, ask the nursing staff to give you what your doctor has ordered.

Are there any side effects and possible complications ?

Some of the side effects and possible complications of rhinoplasty include: 
Pain 
Swelling 
Bruising 
The sensation of a 'stuffy' nose for a few weeks 
Numbness of the nose for a few months 
Delays in healing 
Sudden nose bleeds 
Infection.

How do I take care of myself at home ?

Be guided by your surgeon, but general suggestions include: 
Make an appointment for a later check-up with your doctor after about one week. 

If you have any medications to take home from hospital, be sure to ask what they are for, and how often and for how long you have to take them.

If you are ordered antibiotics, make sure you take the whole course. 
Hold your head upright as much as you can. 

your bandages and packing gauze may be left in place for up to a week or so, and then your surgeon will remove the dressing and take out the nasal packs. 

Follow all instructions on how to best keep your nose clean. 
Avoid blowing your nose. 

Contact your doctor if you have any sudden nose bleeds. 

you may need to be off work for around two weeks. 

Avoid contact sports (or any activities that could cause your nose to be knocked) for about six weeks. 

Broken nasal bones may hurt or ache for up to eight weeks. See your doctor for advice on appropriate pain relief. Remember that aspirin can increase the risk of nose bleeds.

What should my long term outlook be ?

A broken nose, once healed, isn't as strong as a nose that's never been broken, which means it is at increased risk of fracturing again if you experience a blow to the face. Take all precautions - for example, wear protective headgear while playing sports and use a seat belt when travelling in a car. If you had rhinoplasty for cosmetic reasons, you need to realise that your 'new' nose may take up to six months to adjust to its final profile. However, you will be able to see the difference in your nose shape once the surgeon removes the dressing and nasal packs some seven days or so after the operation.

Are there any other forms of treatment ?

The alternative to cosmetic rhinoplasty is to accept yourself the way you are. Will this surgery really make a huge difference to your life or are you trying to live up to an impossible media stereotype of beauty? you may want to question some of the conventional standards of beauty and work on your body image issues to improve your self-confidence.

Where to get help ?

Dr.Manoj Khanna's Clinic..

What are the things that I should remember ?

you should remember that Rhinoplasty is surgery to repair or reshape the nose. 

Rhinoplasty may be performed for cosmetic reasons or to correct a deformity due to injury or birth defect. 

A cosmetically altered nose may take up to six months to adjust to its final profile.

What more can you tell me ?

For more information we suggest that you contact Dr.Manoj Khanna.

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